Professor Kwong, executive director of the A*Star Institute of Microelectronics (IME), was named last year's winner of the President's Science and Technology medal. In the citation, he was credited for helping to advance the semiconductor industry through “R&D, forging of strategic research partnerships, and enhancing competitiveness of Singapore's semiconductor ecosystem towards a knowledge-based economy”. Under his leadership, IME experienced a 10-fold increase in top journal publications, quadrupled the number of industry-funded projects from MNCs, and tripled the number of PhD students from universities trained at IME in areas relevant to the semiconductor industry's needs. The electronics sector has made up 5% to 7% of gross domestic product over the past three years. His next aim is to create bio-chips costing less than $1, which, when implanted in smartphones, can test the blood for diseases or scan for tumours, taking medical diagnostics to “the largest platform ever in human history”.